Pressure Vessel Tanks – The Ultimate FAQ Guide

Probably, you’d like to venture in pressure vessel tanks business.

Or, you want to learn more about pressure vessel tanks.

Whichever the case, this guide covers everything you need to know about pressure tanks such as classification, components, designs, and quality testing, amongst others.

Keep reading to learn more.

Table of contents hide

What is a Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is a container whose design purpose is to store liquids or gases at a pressure above normal atmospheric pressure.

 Pressure vessel tank

Pressure vessel tank

Its fabrication is specific and pays attention to the operating pressure, temperature, safety features, and corrosion tolerance.

Working without such considerations will most likely lead to vessel failure and loss of containment.

The areas that widely utilize this type of vessel are refineries, mining, petrochemical plants, pharmaceuticals, military, and nuclear reactors.

They use them to store several products such as petroleum, chlorine, and ammonium.

What are the Components of a Pressure Vessel Tank?

These types of vessels comprise of four main parts.

Some of them include;

arts of pressure vessel tank

Parts of pressure vessel tank


This component forms the wall of the tank and holds the contents at their set pressure.

Several plates undergo welding to form a cylindrical, spherical, or conical shape with a uniform rotational axis.

Insulation is also done on the shell where the temperature and condition of the tank’s content are sensitive.


This forms the end closure parts of the vessel.

They are available in different shapes such as spherical, dished, or semi-elliptical.

Their curvy feature makes the head stronger, thinner, lighter, and thus less costly, unlike flat heads.


This is a component that is cylindrical and forms the connection of the shell and head with a piping system.

It facilitates the flow of contents into and out of the vessel as well as the attachment of instruments.


Is the part that provides a base for holding up the weight of the pressure vessel.

Several types of support exist and their use relies on the size and inclination of the tank.

Some examples are;

  • Skirt supports; They are cylindrical and provide good support for vertical tanks.
  • Saddle supports; They have a typical U-shape and they bare the load of horizontal vessels.
  • Leg supports; Provide stability for small vertical vessels.
  • Lug supports; They fit well for vertical tanks with a smaller height and medium diameter.

What are the Classifications of Pressure Vessel Tanks?

The classification of these types of tanks can happen in various ways.

Some of their classifications are according to;

· The Dimensions

This comprises of thick shell vessels and thin shell vessels.

Thin shell tanks have a wall thickness that is less than 1/10 the diameter of their shell.

While the thick shell has a wall thickness that is larger than 1/10 of the shell’s diameter.

· The End Construction

This involves pressure vessels that are either open-end or closed-end.

For open-end vessels, their fluid pressure induces the hoop stress E.g. in pipes.

On the other hand, for closed-end vessels, the pressure is due to longitudinal and circumferential stress E.g. in tanks.

 Geometrical Shapes

The most common vessels for this category are the spherical pressure vessels and cylindrical pressure vessels.

Spherical vessels are more suitable for the storing of high-pressure fluids.

Despite their higher cost they have a strong structure and balance out the pressure in the vessel evenly.

Cylindrical vessels are less costly to fabricate.

They, however, are not as robust as their spherical counterparts due to their weak points.

To limit this weakness, you can design and fit them with hemispherical ends.

· Manufacturing Method

This class relates to the fabrication process of the vessels.

Some vessels may undergo welding, forging, and or brazing.

  • The welding process entails heating the edges of two similar pieces of metal until they melt and fuse.
  • Forging is the formation of metal parts by applying heat and pressure.
  • Brazing would see manufacturers join two metals together by filling the gap between them with a non-ferrous metal.

· Installation

This comprises of horizontal pressure vessels and vertical pressure vessels.

Horizontal tanks lie parallel with the base surface and they use supports such as saddles.

They are also easier to transport.

Horizontal pressure tank

Horizontal pressure tank

Vertical tanks are erect and commonly use skirts or leg support.

They have an even pressure distribution making them more robust in comparison with horizontal vessels.

Vertical pressure tank

Vertical pressure tank

What are the Types of Pressure Vessel Tanks?

There are various types of such vessels across industries depending on their design.

But one factor that cuts through all the vessels of this nature is the purpose they intend to serve.

This brings them down to three common types with varying applications in their industrial settings.

The three most prevalent types of pressure vessels are;

Storage Vessels

These tanks are the most ubiquitous for industrial purposes.

Their basic use is for the storage of liquids or gases such as oil, chlorine, and natural gas.

They are available in different shapes and sizes like cylindrical and spherical for either horizontal or vertical installation.

The fabrication material for these tanks depends on the type of product for storage and the external environment.

One of the most prolific materials manufacturers use is carbon steel.

Such vessels demand a keen detail during construction because any faults can jeopardize the integrity of the inner substance.

Process vessels

These vessels adhere to specific design requirements during their construction to meet the specific needs of a manufacturer.

You can utilize them to break down, extract, or combine different products.

They also work in synergy with the other two vessels to achieve an ideal product.

What are the Steps for Pressure Vessel Tank Fabrication?

The fabrication of these vessels needs to be meticulous and adhere to the stringent regulations of governing bodies.

The quality and safety of the vessel are paramount.

Once the designing process is complete and the client approves it, fabrication commences.

The fabrication order comprises of the following steps;

a) Cut the shell plate; This involves cutting and trimming large pieces of plates into precise dimensions to form the shell part.

You can use a cutting torch that is suitable for the type of material you are working with.

b) Roll the plate to form cylinders; Transformation of the plates into cylinders by rolling them to a specific diameter takes place in this step.

You can use different methods such as cold rolling or hot rolling.

c) Weld the seams of the cylinder together; You can conduct this using submerged arc welding that fits well with bevel edges.

d) Position and weld the cylinders; Where you would need a lengthy vessel, you can attach several shells and weld them together.

e) Create the vessel heads; You can do this by cutting out a plate and shaping it into a head through spinning.

Another method you can use to form the head is through flanging.

f) Fix the heads to the shell; The heads undergo welding to attach them to the shell.

g) Cut holes and install the nozzles; In this stage, you cut holes on the shell and head that can fit the nozzles.

You then assemble the nozzles and strengthen them with reinforcement pads through welding at the same time.

h) Attach necessary lifting devices and structural supports through welding.

i) Conduct quality inspection; Assess the vessel to ascertain the integrity of the design, material, and welding.

You can do this by performing radiographic, ultrasonic, liquid penetration, and visual tests.

How do you Design a Pressure Vessel Tank?

Designing of these vessels is an important process that needs to be done with the utmost precision.

It involves close collaboration between the chemical engineer and vessel engineer to achieve a successful design.

This process consists of the following steps;

1. Outline the Design Criteria

At this level, the client specifies the technical aspects and requirements of the vessel.

The design entails parameters such as the shape, diameter, length, pressure, temperature, and material of construction.

2. Calculate the Mechanical Strength

With the help of design software, you can find out the mechanical calculations.

The results will help you establish the necessary material thickness and weld sizes.

3. Develop the Drawings

Using the software, you can create the drawings regarding the specific parameters and mechanical calculations.

The software can generate both 2D and 3D drawings that can guide the vessel fabrication process.

 Pressure vessel tank technical drawing

 Pressure vessel tank technical drawing

What are the Tips for Designing a Pressure Vessel Tank?

There are several tips that you can follow to design a robust and long-lasting vessel.

Some of them are;

i. Authenticate the Process Parameters

You must conduct a thorough inspection of the efficiency of the pressure vessel’s design.

Seek clarifications on unclear data to get full information.

Also get to understand the unlikely scenarios that may relate to extreme temperatures, variations of pressure, and chemical concentrations.

ii. Validate the Nozzle Loads

A good design should consider locating the nozzles at strategic positions on the vessel.

This handles the stress likely to build upon leading to cracks that may cause catastrophic spillage.

iii. Verify the Material

The material needs to conform to the application of the vessel.

Choosing the right material that handles corrosion and maintains the integrity of the contents in storage is key in design.

iv. Address External Factors

The outside environment of the vessel can have an impact on its performance.

When designing, make considerations, and review the specifications for such factors to enhance the vessel’s reliability.

What are the Considerations when Designing a Pressure Vessel Tank?

When coming up with a design for your vessel, consider the following factors to meet industrial standards;

  • The function of your vessel.
  • Operating pressure and temperature
  • Materials for fabrication
  • Vessel head type
  • Orientation; horizontal or vertical
  • Dimensions
  • Openings and connections
  • Requirements for heating and cooling
  • Surface finish
  • External factors

How does a Pressure Vessel Tank Work?

These vessels work by attaining a specific level of pressure to facilitate the functioning of an application.

Their design is specific to the vessel’s purpose such as storage, heat exchange, and processing of products.

The pressure delivery in and out of a system takes place through valves, release gauges, or heat transfer.

Their pressure level is ordinarily above the normal atmospheric pressure of 15 psi and can get up to 150,000 psi.

The nature of the contents and the aspects such as the material determine the vessels working pressure and temperature.

What are the Applications of Pressure Vessel Tanks?

The applications of such tanks are quite diverse across the industrial and private sectors.

Their utilization can be for the following purposes;

  • Storage – The safe and long term preservation of liquids and gases such as chemicals, petroleum products, and water under high pressure.
  • Heat exchange – This is for the removal of excess heat from one process to another.
  • Chemical reaction – The transformation of chemicals from one state to another can take place in such vessels under specific pressure and temperatures.
  • Fractional distillation – This is where complex chemicals with varying boiling points undergo a separation process.

Which Industries use Pressure Vessel Tanks?

Many industries utilize these vessels in their day to day operations.

Some of them include;

  • Pharmaceutical
  • Oil and gas
  • Nuclear power plants
  • Military
  • Pulp and paper
  • Green energy
  • Aerospace
  • Biotechnology
  • Food and beverages
  • Mining

What are the Types of Pressure Vessel Tank Testing?

There are several types of tests that you can conduct on your vessel.

The testing purpose is to ascertain that the vessel is free from defects such as cracks, punctures, or loose fittings.

Some of the testing methods include;

 Pressure vessel tank

Pressure vessel tank

Visual Tests (VT)

This is a type of non-destructive testing that gives you a general overview of your tank’s condition.

You can scrutinize both the interior and exterior surfaces to look for any sort of defects.

Liquid Penetrant Testing (LPT)

For this test, an inspector applies a thin liquid known as a penetrant on the vessel surface.

The penetrant seeps into any existing cracks on the vessel.

The addition of a fluorescent chemical to the penetrant enhances visualization under U.V. light.

Magnetic Particle Testing (MT)

This test uses a magnetic current to run through the vessel and identify defects on its surface. Where flaws exist, there appears to be an

interruption of the magnetic current known as a “flux leakage field.”

Radiographic Test (RT)

This method uses X-rays to determine the appearance of defects on the surface and also inside the vessel.

It develops a picture of the vessel with varying exposure that points out the defects.

Ultrasonic Testing (UT)

Sound waves enable the detection of flaws and the material thickness of the vessel when using this method.

In the case of any cracks, the ultrasound waves experience discontinuity and send back some energy for display.

How often should the Pressure Vessel Tank be Tested?

Some regulations have certain requirements on how frequent you should test your vessel.

You should inspect them at least once every five years.

Testing a new vessel is also important before using it.

What are the Pressure Vessel Tank Certification Requirements?

These are the set standards that regulate the fabrication and inspection of pressure vessels to ensure they conform to quality.

Some of the most common certifications are;

  • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII: It governs the design and fabrication of pressure vessels and boilers.
  • API 510: This is a North American standard for the inspection of pressure vessels.
  • B51-09: Is a Canadian code for Boiler, pressure vessel, and pressure piping.
  • ISO 11439: Is a certificate for lightweight refillable high-pressure gas cylinders.
  • EN 13445: This standard outlines the guidelines for the design, fabrication, and inspection of pressure vessels. It has extensive use in Europe.
  • AD Merkblätter: This is a German regulation working together with the Pressure Equipment Directive.
  • ASME PVHO: It is a US regulation for the Pressure Vessels for Human Occupancy.
  • EN 286: This comprises of the European standard for simple pressure vessels that contain air or nitrogen.
  • CODAP: This is the French code for the fabrication of unfired pressure vessels.

What is an Internal Inspection of the Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is an inspection that takes place on the interior surface of vessels through the utilization of non-destructive techniques.

You can check for corrosion, deformation, cracks, blistering, or any other defects.

The openings also undergo inspection to confirm that they don’t have any issues.

What is the Difference Between a Pressure Vessel Tank and a Storage Tank?

The primary difference between these two is that pressure vessels contain liquids/gases at a pressure above the atmospheric pressure.

On the other hand, storage tanks store either liquids or gases at normal atmospheric pressure.

Pressure vessels have more stringent requirements about safety as they can be highly catastrophic.

In comparison, storage tanks’ safety design requirements are not as strict as their counterparts.

How does a Pressure Vessel Tank Fail?

Failure in such vessels can occur in certain ways.

This can happen due to material degradation, structural discontinuity, or a reduction in the load-bearing capacity.

Factors such as an improper selection of material, incorrect designing, poor fabrication, and improper maintenance service contribute to vessel failure.

Some common types of failure are;

  • Brittle fracture
  • Stress rupture
  • Elastic deformation
  • Corrosion fatigue

How long does a Pressure Vessel Tank Last?

This type of vessels can serve for many years.

To ensure their longevity, you need to incorporate the right design, proper fabrication, and maintenance practices.

Some factors can also contribute to the decrease in your vessel’s fatigue life, lowering its life expectancy.

To have a vessel that lasts for long, take account of the following factors when designing and fabricating;

  • The vessel geometry
  • Cyclic stress state
  • Surface quality
  • Weld quality
  • Material type
  • Grain size
  • Size and internal defects distribution.
  • Temperature
  • External environment

What is a Pressure Vessel Tank Welding?

This is a process that joins the metal plates of a vessel during by use of heat or pressure.

It needs to be of high quality to sustain the vessel’s working conditions.

The surface needs to undergo proper welding preparation to reduce any kind of defects that may lead to reworking.

What are the Techniques for Pressure Vessel Tank Welding?

The popular methods of welding these types of vessels include;

Gas Tungsten Arc Gas Welding (GTAW/TIG)

This process uses a tungsten electrode to produce the weld. It achieves high-quality where you need precise and small amounts of the weld.

Some of its common use is the welding of stainless steel or non-ferrous metals.

Plasma Welding

In this method, plasma undergoes heating to an extremely high temperature and becomes electrically conductive through ionization.

You then use the electric arc to fuse the pieces of metal.

This process enables welding at a higher speed.

Keyhole TIG

This technique has a high speed, single-pass, and full penetration on thick materials.

It is more economical, with good productivity and high quality.

Which Test is Required in Pressure Vessel Tank Welding?

There are certain tests that you need to undertake to ensure your weld meets the right standards.

Some of the common tests are;

X-ray Inspection

This test can determine any subsurface cracking and inclusions on the weld. It is most suitable for crucial weld joints like for nuclear plant vessels.

Ultrasonic Inspection

This method transmits a high-frequency soundwave through the metal and the weld to detect any existing defects.

At What Pressure do Pressure Vessel Tanks Operate?

These types of vessels work at pressure levels above the normal atmospheric pressure of 15 psi.

They can also hold gases or liquids at pressure ranges that reach 60,000 psi.

The Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure (MAOP) determines the amount of pressure a vessel should contain.

To determine a vessel’s pressure, you need to take into consideration the wall thickness, diameter, allowable stress, and safety factors.

How do you Adjust the Pressure of a Pressure Vessel Tank?

You can adjust the level of pressure in these tanks by using a pressure regulator.

They control the pressure of a fluid or gas to a value that you desire.

Essentially, they consist of a pressure setting, a restrictor, and a sensor that all work together.

What is a Valve in a Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is an important device that regulates and directs the flow of liquids and gases in a piping system.

They help turn on and off a connection.

Their installation takes place along with flanges and nozzles.

Some examples of valves that you can use in your vessel are; globe, butterfly, check, ball, and gate.

What are the Types of Pressure Vessel Tank Heads?

There are different types of tank heads that you can use for your vessel.

They vary in shape with each having its advantage and shortfall.

Some of the heads include;

Pressure vessel tank head

 Pressure vessel tank head

Ellipsoidal Head

This type of head is one of the most economical. Its height makes up a quarter of the vessel’s diameter.

It also has a radius ratio of 2:1 on the major and minor axis making it sustain higher pressure.

Hemispherical Head

This is a more spherical head with its radius equaling that of the cylindrical section of the tank.

It facilitates the spreading of pressure evenly on its surface.

Torispherical Head

This comprises of a dish that has a fixed radius.

Its size is dependent on the type of torispherical head E.g. Klöpper and Korbbogen.

The dish and cylinder share a transition known as the knuckle which has a toroidal shape.

How do you Select Material for a Pressure Vessel Tank?

Material selection is an important aspect before fabricating your vessel.

A big cause of pressure vessel malfunction is due to material failure.

There are some considerations that you need to take to ensure you pick a compatible material.

The factors that you should consider include;

  • Ability to withstand corrosion
  • Strength requirements
  • Ease of construction
  • Cost
  • Availability
  • Maintenance
  • The flexibility of your equipment.

What are the Safety Precautions for Operating a Pressure Vessel Tank?

There are some safety practices that you should adhere to when handling these vessels.

They include;

Regular maintenance: A periodical inspection schedule should help you check the status of the vessel.

You should watch out for any signs of defects that may seem to arise and address them immediately.

Training of personnel: The people operating the vessel should have adequate knowledge about handling practices.

They should know how to conduct inspections, repair, maintain, install, and also regulate the pressure.

Install protective devices: Equipping the vessel with warning alarms, pressure gauges, and appropriate signage helps monitor the workflow of the system.

It also notifies the operators in case of arising risks.

Know about the operating conditions: Knowing the nature of liquids or gases on storage such as their toxicity is important.

Once you know this, you will understand the temperature and pressure that they require for proper operation.

What are the Benefits of using Software for Fabricating Pressure Vessel Tanks?

The utilization of software when coming up with your vessel has several advantages for your production team. Some of the benefits are;

· Integration with Codes and Regulations

Your vessel design can be well drawn to meet industry standards such as the ASME.

The software can incorporate different design rules that your vessel needs to adhere to for efficient production.

·         Time-saving

Using software saves time for your team.

It can fetch information about codes and requirements faster and make necessary updates instantly.

It also reduces the time for reviewing and correcting mistakes, unlike manual revisions.

· Cost-saving

The software can produce cost-effective and accurate designs for your vessel.

Its efficiency enables you to use less time when designing and fabricating thus saving on production costs.

· Information Sharing

You can share design specifications with your team member and client for verification and approvals.

External experts/inspectors can also share their opinion about the design to enhance the integrity of the vessel.

What is the Cost of Pressure Vessel Tank Fabrication?

The cost of such vessels varies depending on several factors.

Each vessel serves a specific purpose thus dictating unique design and fabrication parameters.

Some factors that can determine the pricing of these vessels are;

  • The material
  • Size
  • Shape
  • Orientation such as horizontal or vertical
  • The number of openings, fixtures, and fittings.
  • Welding requirements
  • Custom standards
  • Wall thickness

What is a Cylindrical Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is a type of pressure vessel that has a cylinder shape.

It can also have different head shapes such as hemispherical, ellipsoidal, and torispherical.

Installation of this vessel can happen vertically or horizontally depending on the requirements.

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Cylindrical Pressure Vessel Tanks?

These types of vessels have several merits and demerits. Some of their merits are:

  • They are easier to construct.
  • Their cost of fabrication is relatively low in comparison with other types of vessels such as spherical pressure vessels.
  • They can fit well in rectangular structures including buildings.

On the other hand, their demerit is that:

  • They do not produce a strong structure in comparison with spherical vessels.

What is a Vertical Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is a vessel that has an upright orientation design.

They are fit with different types of support such as skirt and leg to hold the weight of the vessel.

They can also perfectly fit in a small amount of ground space.

What are the Pros and Cons of Vertical Pressure Vessel Tank?

These types of vessels have several advantages.

Some of them include;

  • They have a better distribution of pressure making them more secure.
  • They are more energy-efficient as they allow their contents to flow easily and effortlessly due to gravity.
  • They take less ground space for their installation as they are built up.
  • They are free-standing structures thus making them more stable.
  • They also require less material to construct due to their smaller diameter making them cost-effective.

Some of their disadvantages are;

  • They are difficult to transport because of their height which makes them less stable for movement.
  • They cannot effectively fit in areas of height restrictions.
  • Heating and cooling of their contents are also slower in comparison with horizontal vessels.

What are the Types of Pressure Relief Devices used in a Pressure Vessel Tank?

These devices enable the expulsion of excess pressure that builds up in pressure vessels.

Some of them include;

  • Safety valves
  • Relief valves
  • Rupture disk
  • Temperature and pressure safety relief valve
  • Safety relief valve

What is a Relief Valve in a Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is a pressure relief device whose purpose is to protect a vessel by facilitating the release of excess pressure.

Its operation is automatic.

It opens when the pressure exceeds a certain level and recloses when the level returns to its set normal.

What are the Types of Relief Valves used in a Pressure Vessel Tank?

There are three primary types of relief valves that you can use for your vessel.

They include;

  • Conventional spring-loaded
  • Balanced spring-loaded
  • Pilot operated

What is the Difference between a Relief Valve and a Safety Valve?

Relief valves control the pressure in vessels by opening up when the pressure exceeds and recloses when it subsides.

On the contrary, safety valves open up immediately and fully release the excess pressure instead of regulating it.

What is Autofrettage in Pressure Vessel Tank Fabrication?

This is a metal processing technique where you expose the vessel under immense pressure.

This pressure leads to the yielding of the vessel’s internal parts.

It further causes internal compressive residual stresses once you release the pressure.

This process aims to increase the vessel’s durability and improve its resistance to stress corrosion cracking.

What is a Fired Pressure Vessel Tank?

 Gas Fired pressure vessel

Gas Fired pressure vessel

This is a type of vessel that receives heat from a source either directly or indirectly.

Observation of cautious measures needs to be in place when handling such vessels to avoid overheating.

The industries that utilize this kind of vessels are petrochemical, power generation, oil, and gas.

Some types of these vessels are thermal oil heaters and boilers.

What is an Unfired Pressure Vessel Tank?

This vessel works as a heat exchanger by either cooling or heating fluids when you mix them with another fluid.

It comprises of several tube bundles and chambers.

An example of this vessel is a steam generator with piping systems.

What is a Thin-walled Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is a type of vessel that has a wall thickness smaller than the overall size of the vessel.

Typically, the wall is 1/10 less than the radius of the vessel.

The interior pressure is also greater than the outside pressure.

What is a Thick-walled Pressure Vessel Tank?

This is a vessel comprising a wall thickness that is 1/10 or 1/20 larger than that of its radius.

The wall develops greater circumferential stress on the interior surface and decreases towards the outside diameter. ASME Section III specifies the design of these vessels.

What Mistakes should you avoid when Fabricating a Pressure Vessel Tank?

There are certain aspects which you should pay attention to when fabricating these vessels to prevent any potential errors.

They include the following;

Design Parameters

You should be keen when coming up with and sharing your vessel’s design numerics with the external fabricators.

This includes specifying the inner diameter and outer diameter of your vessel.

By doing this you will avoid getting the wrong external components that you require to fit your vessel.

Critical Temperature

The vessel’s temperature, especially during loading and offloading, can affect the vessel’s material.

It can increase the corrosion effects and other negative conditions that may affect the material.

Always keep this under consideration and address it when developing your tank design.

Corrosion Allowance

Different materials have varying corrosion tolerance abilities.

Your design should therefore address this by incorporating a corrosion allowance when determining the vessel’s material.

Why should you Customize your Pressure Vessel Tank?

Choosing to customize your vessel ensures it is the best fit for meeting your industrial needs.

Some of the reasons as to why you should consider customization are;

  • Privilege to select the right material.
  • Selection from an array of product parameters
  • Privilege to choose the most suitable vessel volume.

What is the Difference Between U and UM Pressure Vessel Tanks?

The main difference is that a ‘U’ vessel is larger in comparison to a ‘UM’ vessel.

They also have varying inspection requirements under ASME guidelines.

For a U vessel, you need to engage a third-party inspector unlike for the UM which do not require third-parties.

How does a Pressure Vessel Tank compare to a Boiler?

The pressure vessel’s main design purpose is to contain liquids or gas at high pressure.

On the contrary, a boiler contains a liquid so that it can undergo boiling by a heat source.

Besides, the components of a boiler may include a pot and furnace to generate heat.

Comparatively, pressure vessels lack such components as they do not require to burn fuel.

What is the comparison between a Pressure Vessel Tank and a Column?

Pressure vessels operate at a pressure above the normal atmospheric pressure while columns work at the ambient pressure.

Additionally, pressure vessels experience pressure on all sides of its internal surface.

This is contrary to columns as they experience pressure only in one direction.

The design of pressure vessels is to store liquids and gases at high pressures.

On the contrary, a column’s main purpose is to separate gases from liquids through trays.

In short, with the information in this guide, you can choose high performance pressure tanks.

For custom designs, you can contact FilSon Filters team right now.

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